UPAH DAN KECENDERUNGANNYA DI INDONESIA*

Bambang Setiaji

(Dosen Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta)

 

Jurnal Riset Akuntansi, Manajemen, dan Ekonomi

Vol. 1 No.11, Februari 2001: 75-87

 

Abstract

 

          This study shows some aspects of wage trend in Indonesia.  In the new order periods, wages have significantly enhanced, even if the progress is slower than that of the labor productivity.

          In general, market rents are shared to labors although the country have labor sur-            plus economy, low participation, highly unemployment and highly informal sector.  This study also shows the different wage determinants of production and non-production groups based on the sign and the magnitude of explanation variables and their statistical test.The concentration impact on both groups is quiet big.  Under such condition, production labors are paid closer to market price whereas non-production labors receive wages that have greater rents sharing.  The impact of fraction of foreign capital on production labor wage among industries is greater than that of non-production one.  The different impact of size, export, and female fraction variables can be concluded as follows. If the industry’s policy results in wage discount, it tend to be allocated by cutting the production worker wages only (the wages gap of managerial or white collar group between high and low paying industries tend to narrower).